Psychological intricacies: According to the deep psychological intricacies there are various sort of human mental disorders and imbalances that lead its victim to intense psychopathic problems. These problems mainly can be interpreted as anxiety disorders, panic disorder, inferior complexities, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and phobias. Depression, bipolar disorder, and other mood disorders are also various aspects of deep psychological mindset. Existentialism, a profound self crisis that sometimes comes from empty psychological insights or inner self-disbelief, creates hardships in ordinary life-living. Humanity the most benevolent of all human characteristics, gets distorted and obscurity in life.
Existential world: Modern ethics depends on modern psychological and philosophical aspects. It varies according to the association of experiences and progressive mental nourishments. Mainly western countries express different psychological insights and disorders, started along with Plato’s Republic and Aristotle’s Poetics and proceeds with nineteenth and twentieth century European philosophers and thinkers. Most of the modern writers and philosophers (twentieth century) observer a materialistic, capitalistic human sentiment that advances towards nihilism of humanity, evoking a world of cynical, abstract discontentment. Modern novels and various genre of modern writings indicate the ethical, social sentiment that is ‘stream of consciousness’ genre that essentially criticizes the diplomatic typicality of distorted humanism. Along with the industrial revolution and natural distortion, human intellect turns into valueless agency of human being. The dream of pragmatic utopianism of modernist man to achieve fulfillment eventually reflects elementary existential world (loosing own self).
Existentialism: Like the words ‘rationalism’ and ‘imperialism’ existentialism is also a very intellectual term mainly comes to application by Jean-Paul Sartre in mid-twentieth century refers to the existential crisis in modern homo economicus, or economic man, that is the portrayal of people as agents who are consistently rational, narrowly self-interested, and who pursue their subjectively-defined ends optimally. The narrow mentality and intense vivacity of society towards materialism and temporality of happiness are the causes of disbelief in self. Monotonous daily routine and unhealthy nature-escaping make people to think about the significance of their lives to be useless where life is just a journey with destination. For Kierkegaard, a great philosopher, existence emerges as a strong philosophical problem in the struggle to think the paradoxical presence of God; for Nietzsche, another philosopher it is found in the reverberations of the phrase “God is dead,” in the challenge of nihilism. Existentialism and nihilism thus are closely related to each other.
Consequences: What is more dreaded than life seems to be insignificant and motionless? This is the very existential crisis that is to be felt at a time. Basically, monotonous life-living or unemployment or mental depression can cause this crisis. That eventually leads to deeper depression or suicidal attempts. And now in every country including India, tendency of attempting suicide is increasing day by day. Most of the suicidal attempts come from mental depression and anxiety of vain life. Modern age after its experience of two world wars, industry, various modern science, moves to the depth of agony and misery and fierce depression. Pragmatically existentialism seems to be a mere psychological or mental problem but it is actually a massive human wretchedness that appears to be gloomy terror removing the protected cover of humanity.