Introduction to Human Mind
Human idiosyncrasy depends on the nature they inherit and the nourishments they go through. There is always a duality of nature and nurture to define a character. Though the universal nature of human character is inherent but it requires a nurturing or phenomenal nourishment to flourish its all the features. But sometimes it is often seen/judged that extreme pressure or restriction to control some basic desires, causes panic in human mentality. According to various psychological aspects, this panic or anxiety is interpreted as phobia or fear of particular object. During attacked by any phobia or mental disorder, brain works illogically. Mind and brain become incoherent. Human nature is developed step by step. But any kind of premature crack can create a huge depression and that can be considered as many aspects of phobias. Phobias are a persistent, intense, and unrealistic fear to be said.
What is Phobias and Anxiety?
A phobia is an exaggerated and irrational fear of some particular objects. The term ‘phobia’ is largely mentioned and often used to refer to a fear of one particular trigger. Phobias are more serious than simple, temporary fear or sensations. Because the sensation in case of phobia emerges from the brain itself and spreads towards nervous system throughout the body. Phobias are diagnosable mental disorders as psychologists have identified. Phobias can be emerged from various objects: a situation, living creature, music, things, place, or object. Through phobias people experience extreme kind of irrational fear and go through some mental imbalances. It is a particular illness that can not be cured by simply consulting doctors or taking up medicines. But it needs specific treatment like to consult a psychiatrist. The person has to go through the experiences like intense distress or panic attacks when faced with the source of their phobia. These can be obstacles for them and prevent from functioning normally/rationally and sometimes lead to anxiety attacks. In the United States, from a reliable source of psychological hardships, it is known that approximately 19 million people have phobias. Phobias are thought to be learned as an emotional responses. It is an in general view that phobias occur when fear produced by an original threatening situation which often is transferred to other similar situations, though the original fear is repressed or forgotten. An excessive, unreasoning fear of water, or Hydrophobia for example, may be based on a forgotten childhood experience of almost drowning. These phobias are based on strong psychological aspects that is somehow related to our living realities.
Researching on specific phobias is a complicated process. It seems unnatural or irrational to normal eye and mind. So people often behave to the problems to be exaggerated forms of pretences. Most people don’t seek treatment or consultancy for these conditions, so cases largely go unreported. These phobias also vary based on cultural experiences, gender, and age. Along with the emergence of new modern generation the problems and Phobias seem to more weird. A 1998 survey of more than 8,000 respondents published in the “British Journal of Psychiatry”. Trusted Source found that some of the most common phobias including:
Acrophobia: fear of heights, Aerophobia: fear of flying, Arachnophobia: fear of spiders, Astraphobia: fear of thunder and lightning, Autophobia: fear of being alone, Claustrophobia: fear of confined or crowded spaces, Cynophobia: Fear of dogs, Gynophobia: Fear of women, Hemophobia: fear of blood, Hydrophobia: fear of water, Nyctophobia: Fear of the dark, Philophobia: Fear of love, Ophidiophobia: fear of snakes, Xenophobia: Fear of strangers or foreigners, zoophobia: fear of animals.
Agoraphobia or Complex Phobias
More research and effort is needed to confirm exactly why a person develops agoraphobia or social anxiety. This is flourishing as the most complex phobias in today’s life. Researchers currently believe complex phobias occur by a combination of life experiences, situations, brain chemistry, genetics and ambience. They may also be an echo of the habits of early humans, leftover from a time in which open spaces and unknown people generally posed a far greater impedance to personal safety than in today’s world. This phobia is a profound fear of public humiliation and being singled out or judged by others in a social situations. The idea of large social gatherings is terrifying for its victim with social anxiety. It is not the same as shyness but differs in degree. In severe cases, a person with agoraphobia will rarely leave their home. And there is nothing wrong to have this phobia. sweating, abnormal breathing, accelerated heartbeat, trembling, dry mouth, confusion and disorientation, headache, these are some basic symptoms of a panic attached person. This can be occurred any time and in any places in life. This can be produced slowly but turned out to be uncontrollable.
Treatments of various phobias Phobias should be treated with a combination of therapy and medications and mental exercises. If someone is attacked by some phobias, they should make an appointment with a psychologist or qualified mental health professional. Psychotherapy is still the most effective therapy for phobias. Psychologists in that case will you teach how to learn to desensitize yourself to the object or situation that you fear or provide your mind peace and calmness by a sudden state. This treatment helps to change thoughts and feelings or the mental condition about the object or situation, so that you can learn to control your actions and reactions. Basically the goal of this therapy is to improve mental health and self-control. Exposure therapy is a process where your mental health are exposed slowly through increasing levels of exposure coupled with relaxation exercises. Besides this there are certain anxiety-reducing medications that can develop mental health or create different view of the objects you were once afraid of. Medications that may help in reducing uncomfortable feelings of anxiety, distress, depression fear, and panic including beta-blockers and benzodiazepines. Side effects may include an upset stomach, fatigue, insomnia, headache and cold fingers etc. Then there are CBT process that helps to experience people to control their own thoughts and feelings.