Poverty, the most deep-rooted discontent in India, is one of the ancient and recent social issues. But what is the origin of it? Or what can be the causes related to this curse-like grievance? May be these are the most asked, discussed or matter of contention in recent social prejudices and hardships. Basically, the concept of Poverty reflects the lack of capabilities or abilities of poor people to make any fortune or support the living they are experiencing through and the sufferings arise from it. In an apparent view penury is the sufferings of that particular class, who belongs to below poverty level (BPL). The idea of penury is normally abstract. But according to wider sense the definition of penury is different, that does not deal with only the underprivileged people but also the whole nation and society. Poorness affects the totality of the country in general, in economy, education, religion. In an uncontrolled sensibility, Poverty attacks the base of the development of the nation.
What can be pointed out as the cause of this discontentment? If we throw a look on the recent Indian population it increases up to 133.92 crores (2017), which is why India is obvious to be an overpopulated country. Along with the increment of population the nation faces intense pressure and competition over the national and natural resources of the country. All these unaware deeds bring nothing but stress over Indian economy. Besides there are other influential social issues like migration, terrorism, epidemics and diseases that are in contrary to Indian advancements. People are being educated literally but the education of life is lacking there. There are rare sympathetic minds to help this entity. The nation proceeds towards social capitalist conservatism that actually leads towards poverty. Inequality or class divisions are also an integrated part of the causes of Poverty. Even the lack of Governmental observation or care can be relatively associated with the origin of poorness. The systematic exclusion of various ethnic minorities, scheduled castes, tribes, women and people with disabilities and health issues are other aspects so to say. Persistence of poverty is partially attributed to these classes not having access to institutions and markets.
After independence, seventy percent of the whole population in India was included in below poverty level, but after various revolutions and evolutions the percentage got reduced. With the association of literacy mission and various organizations it helps to fight against poverty. ‘Fight poverty, not the poor’ making it the motto of life we should progress towards the generalized society. “India may become the third-largest economy by 2030 and poverty will fall below ten percentage by 2025,” assumed Jaitley. Poverty in India is in a slow but surely diminishing process. The careful concentration of the Government should be noticed the origin of penury to uproot it. Already the success is being seen in the invested fund of Asian Development Bank (ABD). And the result at the end will be totally reduced.